Old Kashmiri Songs

History of Kashmir – Complete Chronology of Rulers

Gonada 13120-3103 B.CFirst known ruler of Kashmir.  Existed 20 years before Mahabharata war. Killed by Balarama and lost the war.
Damodara 13103 – 3090 B.CSon of Gonada. Was never happy, wanted to take revenge of father death. Eventually got killed by Krishna
Yacovati3090-3075 B.CShe was Wife of Damodra 1 and was preganant when he was killed. Krishna declared her queen of Kashmir 
Gonada 23075-3035 B.CHe was son of Yacovati and Damodara. He was killed after 40 years of rein

The Pandava Dynasty

Harnadeva3035-3005 B.CHe was the second son of Pariksliit, grandson of Arjuna, the third brother of Pandava. He fought with his brother Janmejaya for Hastinapur, but lost. So he left and wandered towards the hill, where he met a hermit and become his assistant. This hermit told him, that he will become King of Kashmir, so left for Kashmir. In Kashmir he joined the army of Gonada 2 and rose to become Prime minister. He then became greedy and betrayed Gonada 2, by getting him killed. He then took control of throne. He reigned for 30 years and died
Ramadeva3005-2936 B.CHe was son of Harnadeva. He reigned for 69 years. He conquered Punjab, Kabul and Multan and used to get daughters of other kings in his harem. He made many people slaves and with much wealth returned to Kashmir
Vyasadeva2936-2880 B.CHe reigned for 56 years. He married Kalabhawani dughter of king Jaswant of Marwar in svayamvara (maiden’s own choice)
Druna 2800-2822 B.C.He reigned for 58 years. He was a generous ruler.His wife, Margidevibuilt the temple of Margeshvara at the villape of Kuther.
Simhadeva2822-2768 B.CHe reigned for 54 years. The village Simhpur was founded by him.
Gopaldeva2768-2755 B.CHe reigned for 13 years and 3 months. He died of liver disease
Vijayananda2755-2730 B.CHe was younger brother of Gopaldeva. He reigned for 25 years. He built a grand temple of Vijayeshvara at Bijbihara
Sukhadeva 2730-2686 B.CHe was son of Gopaldeva. He reigned for 44 years. 
Rama Nanda2686-2629 B.CHe drowned Sukhadeva in liider river and took control of throne. He reigned for 57 years
Sandiman 2629-2564 B.CHe was renowned for justice. He founded a big city at the place which now forms the bed of the Wular Lake, and called it Sandimatnagar, which today is known as Salbbatnagar. He constructed 21 temples of stone. He built The temple of Zeshteshvara on the Suliman hill. He reigned for 65 years
Marhandeva and Kamandeva2564-2509 B.CMarhandeva ruled for 55 years. They were sons of Sandiman. Initially Marhandeva was on throne and Kamandeva was his minister. Eventauully they grew hostile to each other so kingdom was divided between them. While Marhandeva  was a generous king, Kamandeva was a tyrant
Chandardeva 2509-2457 B.C.He reigned for 52 years. He had 360 wives and spent one day with each in a year. He was son of  Marhandeva  and killed Kamandeva and his son.
Ananda 2457-2429 B.C.He reigned for 28 years. He was very cruel king.
Drupadadeva 2429-2378 B.C.He reigend for 51 years . He was son of Ananda
Harnamdeva 2378-2329 B.CHe was a drunkyard. Built vineyards . He forcefully took woman away from people. He reigned for 39 years before getting killed.
Sulkandeva 2329-2311 B.CHe reigned for 28 years. He used to work only on Saturday and rest of the days he used to waste in luxuries and women
Sinaditya 2311-2294 B.CHe was foolish king he was killed by his brother Mangaladitya 
Mangaladitya 2294-2255 B.CHe was a drunkyard ,gambler and a bad ruler
Khimdendra 2355-2180 B.CHe was son Mangaladitya. He used to  rape women by entering in houses in disguise.He raped wife of his minster Druna who eventually got him killed.
Bhimsena2189-2128 B.CSon of Khimdendra, we was a wild, reckless prince and a drunkard
Indrasena2128-2082 B.CBlhimsena’s son, Indrasena also encorgaed gambling and alchohol
Sundarsena2082-2041 B.C.Son of Indrasena.He indulged in debauchery.He riegend for 41 years

 


Lava 2041-1981 B.CHe founded a large city, named Lolau, in the Lolab valley. He reigned for 60years
Kushaeshya1981-1794 B.CReigned for 7 years
Khagendra1974-1944 B.CHe founded Kakapur and Khunmuh 
Surendra 1944-1901 B.CHe built town named saura. He was son of Khagendra
Godhara 1901-1864 B.CHe reigned for 37 years
Suvarna 1864-1829 B.CLiberal prince
Janaka 1820-1797 B.C.He was like a father to peeople
Sachinara 1797-1757 B.CHe reigned for 40 years
Galgendra 1757-1712 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Baladeva 1712-1669 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Nalsena 1669-1644 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Gokarna 1644-1608 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Prahlad 1608-1597 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Bambru 1597-1589 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Pratapashila 1589-1553 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Sangram Chandra1553-1552 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Larik Chandra1552-1521 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Biram Chandra1521-1476 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Babighana 1476-1459 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do
Bhawant1459-1445 B.C Rajatarangini of Kalhana does not mention this king, but other sources do

 


The Maurya Dyansty
Ashoka
Jalauka                 – Built a temple on Shankaracyrya Moutain
Damodara 2


The Kushana Dynasty
Yueh – Chi
Kadiphises 1
Kadiphises 2
Kanishka               – The Fourth Buddhist Council of the Sarvastivada tradition were 500 monks gathered at Harwan was                                          under his rule.
Huviska                  –  Aushkar near Budgam
Jushka


Abhimanyu


Gonerdiya Dynasty
Gonerda III
Vibhishana
Indrajit Ravana
Vibishan II
Nara   – Burned thousand of Buddhist Monasteries in Kashmir
Siddha
Utpalalaksha
Hiranyâiısha
Hiranyakula
Vasukukala
Mihirakula .- Devotee of Shiva, Cruel and Anti Buddhist, Committed suicide
Baka
Kshitinanda
Vasunanda
Nara II
Aksha
Gopaditya
Gokerna -Built Parihaspora His capital
Narenditya
Yudhishthira – Oppressive ruler, Worthless


Aditya Dynasty
Pratapaditya
Jakukas
Tunjina
Vijaya
Jayendra
Arya Raja


Gonerdiya Dynasty
Méghavahana
Pravarasena 1
Sreshtasena
Hiranya & Toram àna
Matrigupta
Pravarasena 2 – Founder of Srinagar
Yudishthra II
Nandravat
Ramaditya
Vikramadatya
Baladitya


Karkota Empire
Durlabha vardhana – Son in law of Baladitya
Pratıpaditya II – Son of Durlabhavardhana
Chandrapira – Virtuous Prince, Son of Pratıpaditya II
Tarapira – Tyrant, younger brother of Chandrapira
Lalitaditya  – Raised Kashmir to glory, started drainage system, used land for cultivation
Kuvalayaditya
Vajraditya -Son of Lalitaditya
Prithivyapira
Sangrámapira I
Jajja
Jayapira – Grandson of Lalitaditya
Lalitapira
Sangrámapira II.
Chippatajayapira – Brihaspati Son of prostitute
Ajitapira
Anangapira
Utpalapira


Vermma Dynasty

Avantivarman855Engineering removal of boulders near baramulla, so that water can be drainer out of valley. He was founder of Sopor, Built 2nd temple at Avantipora
Chamkaravarman883He plundered wealth of other temples and built city and temples of Pattan. He was killed while in a tent with a domba girl
Gopálavarman903 
Samaktavarman904 
Sugandhá  Rani 905 
Nirjitavarman906 
Partha907 
Nirjitavarman923 
Chakravarman (2nd  time)    924 
Suravarman935 
Partha936 
Chakravarman (2nd  time)    936 
Unmattavanti938 

Yasaskara940 
Samgramadeva948 
Parvagupta 950 
Kshémagupta951 
Abhimanyu 2958Son of Abhimanyu, Didda Rani was his regent as he was infant 
Nandigupta  973 
Tribhuvana975 
Bhimagupta 976 
Didda Ráni 981 
Sangrámaraja  II.1003Nephew of Dida
Hari  Raja  1028Lasted ony for 22 days
Ananta  1028He was weak, most of the goversning was done by his wife suryamati
Kalasa1063Son of Ananta, Cruel King
Utkarsha 1088Lasted ony for 22 days
Harsha 1088Though a good king intially later he became in debt cause of demands for luxury. He died a mierable death, his palace was burned including his wives and children
Uchchal1100Eldest Nephew of Harsha
Sahla  1110 
Susaala1111Brother of Uchchal
Bhiksháchar1127 
Jaya Sinha1127Eldest son of Uchchal
Paramana1149 
Avanti Devi1159 
Bopya Deva1166 
Jassa Deva1175 
Jaga Deva1193 
Raja Deva1208Insulted Brahmans and plundered their wealth
Sangrama Deva1231 
Rama Deva1247 
Lakshmna Deva1268 
SimhaDeva1281Terrible times, people were mostly in gambling and drinking. He fled to Kishtawar in unmanly wasy when Kashmir was attacked
SahaDeva1296Terrible times, people were mostly in gambling and drinking. 
Rinchana1315Orginally a ladakhi. Rinchana killed commander in chief of Sahadeva and married his daughter Kota Rani. He made Shah mir his Wazir. Rinchana conversted to Islam and assumed title Sultan Sadrudin
Udyana Deva1323Brother of SimhaDeva. He married widow Kota Rani.He also fled like his brother when kashmir was invaded, but Shah Mir took control and defended the valley. Lal Ded was born this time
Kota Rani1338Her reign lasted for 5 months

Sultans of Kashmir

Shamas-ud-Din Shah Mir (Term I )1339He desposed the rani. abolished many arbitrary taxes, stopped cruel methods of extortion and fixed the rate of land revenue at the rate of 1/6 of the gross produce.
Jamshed1342Son of Shah mir
Ala-ud-Din1343Younger Son of Shah mir
Shiab-ud-Din1354Son of Alauddin, successful administrator, He made no distinction between his Hindu and Muslim subjects
Qutub-ud-Din1373Brother of Shiab-ud-Din, business with justice and moderation
Sikandar Shah Miri (Sikander Butshikan)1389Idol breaker
Ali Shah1413Son of Sikandar
Zainul Abidin -Badshah1420Name Shah Rukh, Furthermore ferry-toll, bridge-toll (baj, Tangha), cess on arts and crafts (Rasum-i-Birfagaran) on boat men and the produce on lakes (Rasum-i-Mirbahri), tax on firewood (Wan-waziri) cattle (Gaw-Shumari)and trees (Sar-Darakhti) were exacted.
Haider Shah1470drunkard
Hassan Shah1472 
Mohammad Shah (Term I)1484 
Fate Shah (Term I )1486 
Mohammad Shah (Term II)1493 
Fate Shah (Term II)1505 
Mohammad Shah (Term III)1514 
Fate Shah (Term III)1515 
Mohammad Shah (Term IV)1517 
Ibrahim Shah (Term I)1528 
Nazuk Shah (Term I)1529 
Mohammad Shah (Term V)1530 
Shamas-ud-Din (Term II)1537 
Ismail Shah (Term I)1540 
Nazuk Shah (Term I)1540 
Ibrahim Shah (Term II)1552 
Ismail Shah (Term II)1555 
Habib Shah1557-15612 

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